Pioneers of Gang Style Rap: NWA

NWA, the pioneer of the Gangsta Rap, is in many ways the most known band in the history of rap. Appearing in the late 1980s, when Public Enemy rewrote the rules of hardcore rap by proving that it could be intelligent, revolutionary with a social awareness, NWA takes sides on the subject of their music by ignoring their message.Conversely, this clan of 5 members celebrates the violence and mystifies the criminal life, relating them with a square and rough language. Initially, the relentless group appeared to be serious, with vital comments, even provoking a warning from the FBI on the NWA label, but after Ice Cube’s departure in 1989, the band began to become self-parody. Eazy-E’s urban nightmares resembled comical fantasy books, which satisfied the imagination of the teenagers or whites of the suburbs who became the nucleus of their audience. has become even more popular than before.Nevertheless, conflicting ego will prevent the band from releasing a third album and they separate after one of the producers, DrDre does not leave them for a solo career in 1992. Although the group was not active for a long time, their influence – their Funky beats, driven by bass, to their exaggerated lyrics – was evident during the 90s.

Ironically, in this original incarnation, NWA initially was highly revolutionary.Eazy-E (Eric Wright), a former dealer who created Ruthless Records with the money he saved by selling drugs, was eager to build an empire in rap by building a roster of talented artists.However, it did not succeed until DrDre (Andre Young), a member of a group, the World Class Wreckin ‘Cru and Ice Cube (O’Shea Jackson), a member of a team named CIA, began to write songs for Ruthless. Eazy gives them two tracks, including Boyz N The Hood, and then NWA format (an acronym for Niggaz With Attitude), adding to the DJ Yella group (Antoine Carraby), another member of The World Class Wreckin ‘Cru, as well as the Arabian Prince and the DOC. NWA’s first album, NWA and the Posse, was a somewhat stuck album, which largely contributed to its failure when it was released in 1987. The following year the band separated from The Arabian Prince and The DOC but adds MC Ren to its workforce and extends its sound, bringing to most of their sounds the extremely sonic innovations in the manner of Public Enemy and adopts words committed to violence. Later in 1988, NWA scored Straight Outta Compton, a vicious hardcore record that became an underground hit with no radio, TV or press support. NWA became famous for their hardcore lyrics like Fuck Tha Police, which prompted a warning letter from the FBI to Ruthless Records and the label’s parent company, Priority Records, suggesting that the group should review its approach.

Most of the political threats to the group stopped when Ice Cube left him at the end of 1989 amid many financial disagreements. A bad quarrel then begins between Cube and NWA which will reach its paroxysm with the title No Vaseline of Cube on which it attacks the managérat of the group on its album of 1991 Death Certificate. At that time, the group was already practically dissolved. In the two years between the departure of Cube and the dissolution of the group, NWA was dominated by the almost parodic lyrics of Eazy-E and the increasingly subtle and complex productions of DrDre. The band quickly released an EP, 100 Miles and Runnin ‘, in 1990 before quickly following the following year with Efil4zaggin (“Niggaz 4 Life” upside down). Efil4zaggin was filled with dense and funky sounds, with misogynist lyrics and parodying violence. Naturally, the words provoked outrage from critics and conservative organizations, but this had the effect of increasing the audience of the group with the listening of the white men of the suburbs. Though thinking that the group was at the peak of his popularity, Dre began to make efforts to leave the clan, due to ego conflicts and what he considered to be a bad deal for his pay .

Dre left the group to form Death Row Records with Suge Knight in early 1992. Knight threatened to kill Jerry Heller, NWA’s manager if he did not allow Dre to leave. The next five years, Dre and Eazy engaged in a highly public quarrel, both of which included attacks on each other in each of their respective solo albums.MC Ren and DJ Yella both released solo albums, which were not a huge success and Eazy continued to release albums in full self-parody until his tragic AIDS death in March 1995. Before his death, Cube and Dre will redeem themselves from Eazy by going to see him in the hospital.With his first solo album released in 1992, Dre established himself as the first producer of the mid 90s and for many he set the principles of the Gangsta Rap with its low elastics and soft and deep grooves. The Gangsta Rap self-imposed itself as the most popular Hip Hop current during the 90’s; in other words, NWA’s immoralist positions have temporarily triumphed over Public Enemy’s social Hip Hop, and have completely rewritten the Hip Hop rules of the 1990s.

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